What is Depression?

I’ve struggled with depression for about as long as I’ve been a musician. (I told my story on Punksburgh. Read about it here.) What’s the connection between depression and being a musician? Is there one?

Well, recently we talked about some factors within the music industry that make musicians depressed – things like pressure, (lack of) self-confidence, time management, and financial concerns to name a few. Today we’ll explore what depression is.

Let’s start from the beginning. What is depression? What are the symptoms?

trees (2 of 2)

Photo by Trevor Richards.

The National Institute of Mental Health has a ton of information on depression, symptoms, and treatments. Please go here to read more, because depression is both serious and common. This is just a quick overview.

Depression (also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is serious. It affects every aspect of one’s life (and often the lives of close family and friends). Genetics, biology, environment, and personal psychology (we’ll talk more about the personal psychology aspect in some upcoming posts) all play a role in the development of depression, according to current research. Those with a personal or family history of depression, those experiencing major life changes, trauma, or stress (like being in the music industry?), and those with certain physical illnesses or taking certain medications are at an increased risk of experiencing depression.

How do you know if you have depression? You can take this quick Depression Test from Mental Health America to get an idea.

Clinically, to be diagnosed with depression, you must experience some of these symptoms for at least two weeks (most of the day, almost every day). Experiences of depression don’t look and feel the same for everyone – for example, some people experience all of the symptoms but at a very mild level that doesn’t interfere (not too much, not all the time) with their lives; whereas some people have just some of the symptoms but experience them so deeply that the interference with daily life is extreme.

Symptoms of depression are:

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
  • Decreased energy or fatigue
  • Moving or talking more slowly
  • Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  • Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
  • Appetite and/or weight changes
  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment

Are you experiencing any of these? If so, please read more here and here so that you can determine some next steps that are best for you. Please also see my Resources Page for agencies and programs that can help you right now. (This resource is great, too.)

Next time, we’ll look at how symptoms of depression often manifest in musicians and ways that musicians can cope. If you haven’t yet, take my Coping Techniques survey to anonymously tell others the ways that you cope.

Last but not least, I want to share these two TED Talks. I don’t necessarily agree with everything in them, but I found them both to be interesting and helpful in different ways (and I actually really, really agree with a lot in them). I hope they’re helpful and inspiring to you.

This one is a little kitschy at times, but Ji-Hae Park plays the violin beautifully (oh, that second song!). She talks about how she turned her depression into a way to help others with music.

And this one feels a little macabre at times, but Andrew Solomon‘s intensity is valid. He talks about the difference between sadness, grief, and depression and that the opposite of depression is not happiness, but vitality.

One thing to think about: Even if you feel alone, you’re not. There are others out there struggling and overcoming. You can find evidence of that in these words, in these TED Talks, in these photos, and in (I’d say) all music. Be well.

trees (1 of 2)

Photo by Trevor Richards.

5 thoughts on “What is Depression?

  1. This blog is great! I’ve always thought there may be some connection between creatives and depressive symptoms, like those suffering with depression are more likely to turn to making music as an outlet or escape or expression or whatever. I’m no “professional musician” but the stresses of playing music in an active growing band are nothing compared to the stresses and challenges of real life.. if anything they’re positive challenges, where real life struggles feel more ominous and like they just worsen the condition.

    If you’re taking suggestions for future posts, I’d like to hear your thoughts on why that relationship may exist. Its weird to me, because when I first started playing music I was young and optimistic and really happy all around, and it just seemed like a fun hobby I could dive head-first in to. Now its one of the only things I truly enjoy, where I can just focus on a single activity and be happy and fully engaged and not thinking about any other stresses or responsibilities or shortcomings or whatever. Its also the only time I truly don’t care what other people think about me (for all I know, our music sucks and people come to our shows out of charity, but I dont care because I like making and playing it!)

    This was a great post, always looking forwards to seeing more!

    Liked by 1 person

    • Nick, thanks so much for your comment. I appreciate your support of the blog!

      Yes, I am taking suggestions for future posts! Keep them coming.

      I agree that there is a connection between being creative and being more vulnerable to depressive symptoms and states. I have a few articles in progress that focus on this connection specifically (it’s a complicated issue!). The points you made – about the stresses of being in an active growing band vs real life, the difference between when you started playing and now, and the way playing allows you to feel – are really interesting and make a lot of sense. I’ll keep those points in mind going forward and may reach out for some input! And, I’m glad music makes you happy!

      Thanks so much, again, for your feedback and support!


  2. Pingback: Depressed Musicians | of music & mind

  3. Pingback: Interview: Erik Cirelli Talks About Music and Depression | of music & mind

  4. Pingback: Interview: Emily Rodgers Talks About Music, Depression, Sensitivity, and Suicide | of music & mind

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s